The Life & Ministry of William Irvine
Revised March 26, 2013
Who Wrote the Hymns in Hymns Old & New?
2x2 Hymn History
Go Preacher's Hymn Book
1913-14: The First Editon of “Hymns Old & New”
Editions of Hymns Old & New
R. L. Allan & Sons, Publishers
Hymnbooks in Other Languages
The Revision Process
Omissions - The Hymns Left Out
When were the FIRST Hymnbooks in the World Printed?
Faith Mission Hymnbook
About the Hymn Authors-Workers & Friends
Hymns Written by Edward Cooney
The Oldest Hymn Authors
What do all the following hymns have in common?
About the Hymn Authors-Outsiders
About Hymn Authors - Life Stories
1951 Edition - List of Authors
1987 Edition - List of Authors
Review of Hymns Old & New, 1951 Edition
Go-Preacher's Hymn Book
Table "Grace" Cards
TTT Photo Gallery Hymn Section
For over 80 years now, the friends and workers have been using Hymns Old & New, their official hymnal. It has been an important part of their lives. They read it, sing from it, study it, admire it, write about it, quote it, preach from it and love it. They are touched by the hymns, moved to tears by them, and make their choice while these hymns are being sung. The hymnal is the only item of literature which is published under the direction of the group's leaders. Therefore, this hymnal is the largest body of official doctrine, teachings and beliefs of the 2x2 fellowship. It is their only official publication, other than various lists.
A hymn is a poem first; then someone sets the poem to music. Many 2x2s have written spiritual poems, but not many have been set to music. Many of their hymns have been borrowed from other sources and included in their own English hymnal entitled Hymns Old & New. Many 2x2s are under the impression that both the poetry and music found between the covers of their hymnbook has been written and composed by their own people. This is not the case, however--far from it. Some 2x2s have complained that Outsiders stole tunes from their hymns, when in reality, the music had been around long before William Irvine ever thought about starting his 2x2 method. For example, "Jesus Died for Sinners" written by Edward Cooney uses the music for "Onward Christian Soldiers" (No. 10 in 1951 edition). The music for the hymn "O Blessed Lord, the Night, the night is falling" (No. 328 in 1951 edition) is to the beautiful tune of "Londonderry Air" also "Danny Boy." "When Life is Ended" (No. 333 in the 1951 edition) is to the tune of "Beyond the Sunset." The following quotes taken from VOT express the surprise and questions that often accompany a 2x2s discovery that the hymns in Hymns Old & New were not generated exclusively by the 2x2s:
"Number 35 in the 1987 book begins with 'God has always laboured human lives to win…' So I was very surprised to hear on Christian radio the same melody but with the wonderful uplifting words: 'Count your many blessings, count them one by one…' Different words! Same melody!"
"While in college…I talked with a Baptist roommate. One evening I was humming a hymn when she chimed in and started singing the words. Say what? These were PROFESSING hymns. Nothing WORLDLY like "Amazing Grace." Hymns that certainly no NON-PROFESSING person could ever know! Hymns which I believed WORKERS wrote. I was flabbergasted. I asked her how she knew the words. She said, "Well, they’re in our hymnal." No way! NO WAY! The following Sunday she brought back to our dorm room a hymnal from her church. We went through her hymnal and my "Hymns Old & New," and as I called out the titles, she responded, "Got it!" There were ones I named and she knew without even opening her hymnal! Not only did she know the titles, she would sing the entire first verse and chorus without looking them up! We sang together. Today, we know the true history of this WAY and know that these hymns were, indeed, taken from other religions. At that time, however, I was just sure the Baptists somehow stole those hymns from the WORKERS. It never even occurred to me that it is, in fact, the opposite." "Did you know that a lot of the hymns are Christian hymns and the words have been changed somewhat or changed completely? This is actually one of the first things that caused me to wonder! I began hearing the hymns of other churches and wondered: "If *our* Hymns Old and New is exclusively *ours,* why are these other churches singing them? And how come some of the words are not quite the same? And how come I know the tune but the words are totally different? I thought the workers wouldn't have ANYTHING to do with OTHER churches, so how CAN *we* be singing ANY of the same hymns?!!!" Really, I was VERY surprised!"
"When I was young I was told that the songs that were sung by others, and those that were on the Religious station in my one Aunt's radio, God Forbid she actually listened to a Religious station, were taken from the group. That is, they were copied by the world and the wolves in sheeps' clothing, as part of the deception that other churches used to fool the people. Interesting isn't it. Not only did I hear this from Mother, but also from some Workers. One older Lady Worker, I can't remember her name, that worked in Oregon during the 1940s and 50s, I don't remember if she was here in the 60s, commented on this in a discussion. The point was clear, the churches of the world took things from the "Truth" and Gods Way and copied them to fool others who were searching for the Way."
The Review of Hymns for the 1951 edition makes no attempt to hide the fact that many hymns were written by Outsiders. Bert Pattison wrote: "For the purpose of our study, we will divide the writers into two groups: those written by our friends and those written by people unknown to us. We will consider first the hymns set to tunes composed by the author or authoress, taking our friends first." As might be expected, 2x2s who came from outside religious backgrounds were aware that many of the hymns sung by 2x2s were not their exclusive hymns. The friends who had pianos in their homes were also aware of this, as they often played and sang from other hymnals for recreation; such as Sacred Songs and Solos (by Ira D. Sankey), Songs of Victory (Faith Mission Hymnbook), Redemption Songs - 1000 Hymns and Chorus, edited by J. H. Allan, as well as the Stanphill and Rodeheavor hymnals. While they had seen familiar 2x2 hymns also in these hymnals, the incongruity often didn't register with them that their official hymnbook contained spiritual hymns that were written by Outsiders they considered to be worldly and unsaved. The Impartial Reporter commented on this inconsistency: "And while the Tramps denounce John and Charles Wesley as having gone to hell, they sing the very 'devilry' written by Charles Wesley in some of his immortal hymns." (August 27 1908 Impartial Reporter)
The hymn "Just as I am...", is a special hymn that was often sung as many 2x2s came to their feet or raised their hand to profess, and was not even written by one of their own! It was written by an outsider, Charlotte Elliott, long before the 2x2s ever existed as a group, and before their founder, William Irvine, was born in 1863. Ms. Elliott died in 1871. Also, the well known first hymn in their book, "Tell Me the Story of Jesus," was written by an Outsider, Fannie Crosby, who wrote over 8,000 hymns in her lifetime, under various names, earning her the well deserved title of "The Hymn Queen."
Some, but not ALL of the hymns in their hymnal, Hymns Old & New, have been written by Outsiders. In fact:
- 33% of the 335 hymns (112 total) were written by Outsiders in the 1951 Edition
26% of the 412 hymns (110 total) were written by Outsiders in the 1987 Edition
"Sacred Songs and Solos (750 pieces) and New Hymns & Solos (138 pieces), compiled by Ira D Sankey and published by Morgan and Scott Ltd about 1900. The first edition may have been published about 1880.
"Of the 412 hymns in the 1987 edition of Hymns Old & New, 303 were composed by members of the fellowship, 83 can be found in one or more of the Hymnals pictured above, and the origin isn't known for 26."
Reportedly, the earlier hymnbook editions contained even more hymns written by Outsiders, although the number has decreased with each succeeding edition. This brings up the following questions:
- How can it be that hymns written by workers and friends are in the same hymnbook as hymns written by Outsiders?
- How could Outsiders write such meaningful hymns IF the authors did not have a bona-fide, true relationship with God??
- How could the Spirit of God lead the workers to choose to include hymns in their hymnbook which are written by Outsiders from churches they condemn, such as Catholic priests, monks and Catholicism?
By the way, 2x2s are not the only ones who use Hymns Old & New. The Cooneyites (those who followed Ed Cooney after the Division of 1928) use the 1951 version. Also, there is a supply of the 1951 edition on the bookshelves of chapels located in Windsor, Hightstown, and South Brunswick/Dayton, New Jersey which were ordered years ago from R. L. Allan & Son, Publishers, when they were located in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Piano accompaniment is used at some gospel meetings in the USA, but hardly ever in Sunday morning meetings, although a piano may be in the room. Conventions and special meetings are usually acappella. However, there seems not to be a "no piano" rule for meetings in Holland. In the United Kingdom, no musical instrument of any kind is played in any meetings except for gospel meetings. In New Zealand, the piano was not played in the Sunday morning meeting, but was played in the other meetings (Sunday and Wed. nights and gospel missions).
In the early days, for many years the 2x2s did not have their own exclusive hymnbook. We know the 2x2s were not using a hymnbook in 1908, as the July 30, 1908 Impartial Reporter, noted concerning the Crocknacrieve convention: "The singing of the vast audience of hymns with moving tunes and choruses was a feature of that night's meeting. The hymns appeared to be known by heart."
The singing at the 1904 Crocknacrieve Convention was recognized by a reporter as being familiar hymns found in a popular hymnal of that day. The June 2, 1904 Impartial Reporter mentioned that "...more Songs of Victory were then sung." "Songs of Victory" is and was at that time the hymnal used and printed by the Faith Mission.
THE GO-PREACHER'S HYMN BOOK: In the United Kingdom, they eventually began to sing from a booket called the "Go-Preacher's Hymn Book." It contained 130 hymns, words only, and does not list a publisher or date. There is no music contained in the book, and an introductory comment states: "NOTE: Unless otherwise specified the numbers in brackets refer to the tunes in "Songs of Victory." The booklet is divided into sections with the headings: Conviction, Invitation, After Meeting, Saints, Servants and Solos. It was not uncommon in those days to hold an "AFTER MEETING." John Long mentions this practice; the Faith Mission did this, as well as other Revivalist preachers of that day. The After Meeting was for those who wanted to profess, or invite Jesus into their lives, and as the name implies, it was a meeting held AFTER the gospel meeting.
There are no authors' names given in the Go-Preacher's
However, a number of the hymns have the initials E.C. beside them, (Nos. 14,
16, 57, 91, 92, 95, 98, 99, 100, 110, 115, 130). The author believes that E.C.
stands for Edward Cooney because a poem written by Cooney is reprinted on Page
118 in Patricia Roberts' book The
Life and Ministry of Edward Cooney; and this same poem is also Hymn No.
130 in the Go-Preacher's Hymn Book with the "E. C." notation beside
it. Click Here to read these
hymns by E.C. None of the hymns in the Go-Preacher Hymn Book by
E.C. are contained in the current Hymns Old & New. There are a number
of hymns in the Go-Preacher's Hymn Book (at least 35) that are found
in the current Hymns Old & New. No. 68 is "When I Survey"
and Verse 2 contains the original words of the author, "Save in the
death of Christ MY GOD," which was changed in later versions of Hymns
Old & New to "Christ my Lord."
According to the Impartial Reporter & Farmers Journal, the Go-Preachers Hymnbook was used prior to 1914. (Click Here to view the Hymns and cover page of the Go-Preachers Hymnbook.) The hymns in the Go-Preachers Hymnbook are the subject under discussion in an Impartial Reporter article dated October 7, 1909, under the heading of "TRAMP HYMNS." (Click here to read article) It starts out: "One example of the low standard of education or want of knowledge of the Tramps is to be found in what they call a Hymn Book, which contains along with some well-known hymns, a surprising collection of doggerel—that a fifth rate newspaper would be ashamed to publish."
In some other areas of the world (such as California), before the first hymnbooks were available to them, some friends sang from the hymnal: Redemption Songs (sometimes abbreviated as R. S.), a "Choice Collection of 1000 Hymns and Choruses For Evangelistic Meetings, Solo Singers, Choirs and the Home," published by Pickering and Inglis, Ltd. London. In Eastern USA, they used a hymnal called "Songs of Victory," which is the Faith Mission official hymnal. It contained 801 songs compiled by A.W. Bell, published by R. L. Allan & Son; and later published by Faith Mission after they acquired publishing rights to it. It was not until 1913-14 that the first edition of the official 2x2 hymnal, Hymns Old & New was published. "Howard Mooney told us that he and his Dad printed those first Hymn Books and before that they used 'Redemption Hymn Books' in gospel meetings and fellowship." (From Kaler's Memories of the First Days)
1914: THE FIRST EDITION OF “HYMNS OLD & NEW” was published, consisting of 256 hymns. Many hymns were taken from popular Christian hymnbooks, including the hymnal used by Faith Mission, “Songs of Victory.” It was a full fifteen (15) years after the 2x2 sect began, that the FIRST 2x2 Hymnbook was finally printed in 1914, titled Hymns Old & New. The Impartial Reporter for July 3, 1913, stated: "On Sunday last a new hymn book entitled, 'Hymns: Old and New,' made its appearance. This book, compiled by Edward Cooney and William Carroll, consists entirely of hymns taken from such collections as 'Songs of Victory,' 'Redemption Songs,' and 'Songs and Solos.' The Go-Preachers Hymnbook is no longer used." [NOTE: The date of this article was 1913; while the Review of Hymns gives the publishing date of the FIRST Hymns Old & New as being 1914.]
In the Early Days, a words only version of the hymnbook was used. The tune to the words was given in a note at the end of the hymn. For example, the note: R.S. #546, referred to the tune for hymn No. 546 in the book Redemption Songs. One song was to be sung to the tune of "Old Black Joe." Harold Bennett said one hymn was set to the tune of the love song, "Juanita." Eldon Tenniswood said at the 1975 California Elders Meeting (Click Here to read these notes) that: "Before we had music books, we learned the songs from those who sang solos at convention."
There were just a few music composers among the group of 2x2s by 1951. According to Bert Pattison in his Review of Hymns: "We now come to the composer of tunes, which will possibly be more interesting, especially to musicians. It is unfortunate that we come so very short in music and have to depend so largely on other people's tunes to supply the need, though it is possible there is talent amongst us if only exercised. Out of the 298 tunes in the book, we have only 31 composed by our friends." As stated previously, 33% of the hymns, or 112 all total, were written by Outsiders in the 1951 Edition; while 223 hymns were written by Insiders, or 67%. More details about the hymn authors are given later in this chapter.
Over the years, Hymns Old & New has been revised several times, and later editions printed. R L Allan of Scotland has been the publisher since 1919. The first edition was prepared in 1913-14, and some other versions were published in Australia in 1917-1921. Many editions do not show the date of publication. The following table might help you identify the various editions.
MUSIC Editions of Hymns Old & New:1914: First Edition. 256 hymns; #1 As We Gather - #256 Bow Down Thine Ear
1919: 208 Hymns; #1 Don't you hear Him Knocking - #208 We Thank Thee Lord for Weary Days
1922: Supplement of 27 hymns added to 1914 Edition
1928: New Edition. 301 hymns; #1 As We Gather - #301 The Saviour now is seeking (plus Appendix of 12 hymns)
1935: Supplement of 73 hymns was added to 1928 Edition (total of 374).
1951: New Edition. 335 hymns #1 Tell me the Story of Jesus - #335 Called Home to rest
1987: New Edition. 412 hymns #1 Tell me the Story of Jesus - #412 When Life is Ended .The 1987 Edition states on the copyright page: " Previous compilations entitled "Hymns Old & New" were published in 1919, 1928 and 1951."
The following Hymns Old & New have also been printed in Australia:
1913 or 1918: #1 A Ruler Once Came - #233 Why should I fear the darkest hour. (Printed by The Cumberland of George Street)
1917: #1 A Ruler once Came - #226 Why Should I Fear (Printed by The Cumberland Times Publishing Office, Parramatta NSW - not a music edition)
1921: #1 As we gather now together - #233 Why should I fear the darkest hour. (Printed in Parramatta, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia)
It is interesting how many hymns in the currently used Hymns Old & New 1987 Edition can be found in "Songs of Victory." Just about every one of them! When the Faith Mission started in 1886, "From the first year of the work the Faith Mission had its own hymnbook" (Spirit of Revival by I. R. Govan, Chapter 15, page 113). "Songs of Victory" was compiled by Mr. Bell and published by R. L. Allan, Publisher. The Faith Mission later took over rights to this hymnal and published it themselves.
LEAFLETS or SUPPLEMENTS
The Supplementary Hymnbook, also called the " Leaflet," was introduced in 1940s in South Australia by Overseer John Baartz, who loved music. For nearly 50 years it was used in South Australia and was frequently changed, having eight additions. Only one leaflet was printed after John Baartz' death in 1964. The early editions were words only and each Leaflet contained about 12 to 18 hymns. As the years went by, the Leaflets grew in size and print quality and from words only to a music edition.
In 1941, Bill Carroll, Overseer of Victoria, published a Leaflet for the first time. Leaflets in Victoria ran for about 25 years with two editions. Included were some hymns by Willie Hughes, Sam Jones, and Bill Carroll's daughter May Schulz, who had written a number of beautiful hymns.
Leaflets were also used in meetings in the Western USA. Perhaps, Jack Carroll got the idea from his brother Bill and instigated them there. They were not used in the Eastern USA under George Walker.
The Leaflets continued to be used even after the new 1951 Edition of Hymns Old and New was published. However after the 1987 Hymnbook was printed, they were discontinued.
As to why the revisions were made, Bert Pattison gave some insight into this question in Review of Hymns: "In 1951, a complete revision was made, because the type had become so worn and the book so bulky; this necessitated many old favorites being left out so that room might be found for new ones...We were unable to obtain some tunes because of copyright difficulties. The owner of copyright of some hymns wrote: 'These tunes are married to the words and cannot be divorced.' Some composers also arranged with their publishers forbidding them to use the tune to other words than those they were written for. In some cases, we were informed, 'This copyright remains in force for 50 years after the death of the writer.' The difficulty will be more appreciated when it is considered that there are about 180 tunes in the book that have been copyrighted, although many are now free because of the time limit expiring. Some owners were very liberal in granting free permission, while a number charged for them; it may be mentioned, however, that our publishers were very fortunate in getting a number of U.S.A. copyrights by trading in exchange some of their hymn tunes, and they readily gave us permission to use any of theirs whether bought or exchanged."
Currently, the English hymnbook compiled, printed and used by the 2x2s is Hymns Old & New, 1987 Edition, which is published by:
R. L. Allan & Son, Publishers
53 Bothwell Street
Tel/Fax: 0141 204 1285
Hymnbook Password: allan
The author has been unable to discover the circumstances that led to a business association
between R. L. Allan & Sons and the workers. There are
no current employees who worked for this publisher before 1970. The Director
who formed the company is deceased. Reportedly, there was a fire in the
1920s or 30s which destroyed their early records, and remaining stock of the
Go-Preachers Hymnbook. Inquiries for information are further hampered
by the fact that: "R L. Allan has no file room for past titles published
by them...I regret that we do not have any copies of the 1919 and the 1928 editions
of Hymns Old & New. ( 4/21/88 letter by Lynn Rogerson, R. L. Allan) Currently, it appears from their website that R. L. Allan is operating under the business name of Bibles-Direct (www.bibles-direct.com) .
R. L. Allan started in 1863 as a bookseller and publisher of religious publications in Glasgow, Scotland. Pickering and Inglis bought the business from Mr. Smith in 1970, the R. L. Allan interest was designated to handle publications of the friends and workers. Eldon Tenniswood wrote:
"This week the sale of R.L. Allan & Son has been completed, and the new owner is Nicolas Gray. The company he owns now is called 'The Chapter House,' 26 Bothwell St., Glasgow, G2 6PA, Scotland. It could be that the new company will be called 'R.L. Allan & Son,' and all stock and future negotiations are removed to Scotland. Nicolas Gray is now preparing a new catalogue to publicize the new address. It will be sent to all account holders in Jan. with a covering letter announcing the change of management and prices, etc. We trust the new company will give us some good service and we look forward to further business with them. We are so thankful we have the new hymnbook printed, and so far everything is moving along as well as can be expected." (January 27, 1989 Letter by Eldon Tenniswood)
The author has been unable to ascertain whether or not any of the friends worked for R. L. Allan. Possibly, the workers contacted R. L. Allan because they also published "Songs of Victory," compiled by Andrew W. Bell, before Faith Mission acquired the copyright and began to operate their own publishing facilities. ("Songs of Victory" is the Faith Mission official hymnal.) Redemption Songs is published by Pickering & Inglis, the parent company of R. L. Allan. One who visited the facilities in Glasgow in 1981 wrote: "Most of the employees did not appear to be professing...I saw the shelves of Bibles, hymnbooks and Bible bags, etc. They noted that about 1,000 workers are on their order list worldwide."
TOURS: R. L. Allan & Son, Publishers, offered in one of their newsletters to give friends and workers a tour of their facility, by appointment.
You may view several letters from R. L. Allan & Son which are located in the TTT Photo Gallery. Following are quotes taken from letters which explain the R. L. Allan & Son history and connection to the workers and friends:
The R. L. Allan copyright page in the 1987 Edition states:: "Previous compilations entitled "Hymns Old & New" were published in 1919, 1928 and 1951."
"R. L. Allan is exclusively for the Friends and Workers and we only publish under the R. L. Allan name IF the project was approved and or commissioned by the Friends and Workers." (By Lynn Rogerson, dated April 21, 1988) "R. L. Allan was a Bookseller and Publisher for secular books, second hand books and religious books, based in Glasgow." R. L. Allan started in 1863…and was to be found in Sauchiehall Street, later moving to St. Enoch Square which is now the largest glass building in Europe. (By Nicholas Gray, Director, dated April 19, 1994)
"Pickering & Inglis bought the business from the owner, Mr. Smith, in 1970 as a result of links following Pickering & Inglis' taking over the publishing of 'Redemption Songs,' a hymnbook which completed with Sankey's 'Songs and Solos.' When Mr. Smith retired, Allan had become the publisher to a group of Christians known as 'Friends (or Saints) and Workers,' although the arrangement is an informal one." R. L. Allan became a part of Pickering & Inglis, and at that point the interest [of R. L. Allan] became exclusively for the Friends and Workers. R. L. Allan is now part of a small group called Chapter House Ltd. which incorporates Pickering & Inglis at 26 Bothwell Street, Glasgow G26PA, Scotland. (By Nicholas Gray, Director, dated April 19, 1994)
"No one is left within the company who can remember more than 15-20 years of R. L. Allan, and the forming Managing Director of Pickering & Inglis has now passed on…I regret I do not know Mr. Smith's status within the Friends and Workers, or indeed whether he was a member" nor did he "…know how the Friends and Workers became associated with R. L. Allan...We only publish one book for the Friends and Workers--the rest of the product is distributed…Hymns Old and New is published in various languages, which we are only partially involved in." (By James Crockatt, General Manager, dated May 25, 1988)
The Great Mexican Hymnbook Smuggle took place in 1979. The newest edition of the Spanish hymnbooks were printed in Canada, bound in Los Angeles, California, and smuggled to Mexico. The Spanish hymnbooks are not sold--they are given out free to the Latin American friends, and presumably to those in Spain, so the Spanish-speaking friends do not have to buy their hymnbooks as do the Americans and Canadians. They were never copyrighted, and distributinjg them freely is how they avoid dealing with copyrights. It uses some tunes such as "I Know Who Holds Tomorrow" and "Each Step I Take" which have never been in the English hymnbook and are still in copyright by their authors and/or composers--if by permission, it does not say so. One of the smugglers is a relative of the author and wrote:
"Even though 'No se vende' was clearly printed on the first page of each hymnbook, which means 'Not to be sold,' we knew we would have trouble at the border carrying down hundreds of brand new books. The customs officials would never believe that we were going to give them all away and were not going to sell them. So we loaded them up in an old van, put them under a fake floorboard, sat on top of it, and smuggled them into Mexico. We even smuggled in a whole piano that way too! Took it apart and stored it in pieces in the van, and gave it to some of the friends. Technically we didn't do anything illegal, since we didn't get any money for it all, though it was rather shady! It just saved us a bunch of border hassles, which can tie you up for hours."
Other languages the 2x2 hymnbook is printed in are: French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, Afrikaans, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Italian, Korean, Tagalog, Malagasy, Icelandic, and there are probably others also. The French hymnbook may be obtained through R. L. Allan & Son Publishers. The Dutch hymnbook carries the notation: "This hymnal is not to be sold." The bilingual countries of Switzerland and Luxembourg both use the French and German hymnbooks. In Belgium, they sing in French. One very old hymnbook was located which was printed in Parramatta, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Currently, the Australians use the latest version printed by R. L. Allan. Foreign books often have a title similar to the English title of Hymns Old & New, though in the appropriate language, of course
French: Hymnes Anciennes et Nouvelles (Hymns Old and New)
French: Cantiques (Songs)
Dutch: Liederen (Songs)
German: Alte und neue Lieder (Old and New Songs)
A colored lady from South Africa commented on a hymn in the book that did not characterize her experience:
"From the very start of the meetings in South Africa, the workers practiced racial segregation in their meetings--when the concept was still foreign to South African people, before segregation came in. That’s all I ever knew growing up in South Africa. The workers would later lie to the people, saying that it was a law to sit separately or mix during worship. They not only told lies, they sang them too! To add to our misery, we would all participate in that beautiful hymn at conventions:
"In Christ, there is no East or West, In Him, no South or North.
‘Tis ONE the Shepherd's sacred flock, Though scattered o’er the earth.
...As brothers, sisters of one faith, Whatever their tongue or race,
United stand, from bondage free, True monuments of grace.”
(Hymn No. 335 - Memories of Sheila Martin)
As to why the 1951 hymnbook underwent a major revision, most of the friends remain in the dark. Some thought the purpose of the project was to make sure the hymns in the book would be in accord with "what we believe," and that they would be "true to the Bible." Others thought it was due to expiring copyrights. The real reason turned out to be because some workers wanted a new hymnbook--not because one was necessary!
In February, 1983, Ernest Nelson sent the workers a letter and list of hymns and asked them to select the hymns they would like to have included in a revised hymnbook. From a statement of his, it would seem that this letter was distributed to all the English-speaking workers worldwide, giving all the opportunity to vote:
"There are a number of workers in Canada and U.S.A. that would like new hymnbooks. We have written to Percy Fletcher in England and he replied if the workers in Canada would like to work on this project it would be all right with him. Percy said that when they made the last book, copyrighted in 1951, they tried to make an international English hymnbook, giving all the workers a chance to choose the hymns they liked. The hymns that the most of the workers liked were chosen. However, some hymns had to be omitted, due to the difficulty in getting copyrights. About 32 years have passed, and it may be possible for us to get copyrights on some of the hymns that were favorites years ago. We have appreciated the way R. L. Allan & Son has worked with us in the printing and distribution of our present hymnbook, and we would like them to handle the new book also."
Much of the work on the new hymnbook project took place in the home of Elaine (nee Bergen, ex-worker) and Glen Linderman in San Jose, California; and also at Bert & Freida Veldkamp's home in Los Angeles. A large group of workers met off and on for quite a long period of time. It is not known how these particular workers were chosen, but some of the workers were known to have musical talents and abilities. It is doubtful that any of the friends had any voice in the hymn selections. A photograph dated April 6, 1985 of the workers who compiled the new hymnbook is taken at Lakewood, California, and lists 25 workers from around the world. They are: Carson Cowan (Ontario), Norman Henderson (England), Nathan McCarthy (New Zealand), Ken Paginton (England), Willis Propp (Alberta), Wayne Harris (Oregon), Eldon Tenniswood (California), Herwin Bell (Australia), Garrett Hughes (Colorado), Jonathan Wright (California), Charles Steffen (Illinois), Joel Boyd (California), Tharold Sylvester (Washington), Ernest Nelson (B.C.), Howard Mooney (Oregon), Hennie Groenewald (South Africa), Andreas Stark (South Africa), Irvine Pearson (Ireland), Jill Christianson, Virginia Boyd, Evelyn Gerlund, Marilyn Denio, Kathy Dunnett, Andrea Gronley and Heather Hansen.
Reportedly, Ron Thompke (New Jersey) and either Lars or Erik Lund (Danish workers) also worked on the book, but were not in the picture. Some of the sister workers were present to cook for the others. Workers attendees Joel Boyd and Kathy Dunnett were married soon after the committee finished. Reportedly, the friends who were connected with the project got first copies of the new hymnbooks with their initials stamped in gold on the front. The hymnbook project did not go smoothly--not all workers wanted a new hymnbook. There was a lack of unity regarding the endeavor among the workers. Reportedly, it was a project of Eldon Tenniswood, Overseer of California and many other overseers did not think it was necessary, and were slow in agreeing to help and even to use the new books. At first, the workers in the Eastern United States chose not to participate in the hymn revision committee, giving evidence that the long-standing East vs.West feud in the USA that began with Jack Carroll and George Walker is still alive and well. However, as the matter progressed without their input, they later changed their mind, and sent some delegates to help the others who were hard at work on the hymnbook revisions. There were also some challenges and disagreements with the way the financial end of the project was handled. More than one poem was written commemorating the hymn book revision.
(To tune of "Be a Little Candle")
Eldon had a vision,
Joel dreamed the dream,
They could see a hymnbook,
They devised the scheme.
Glenn had the computer,
Elaine became the cook,
This is how it started,
Now just take a look
Maybe, N'er a better hymnbook,
Surely, Nothing could excel,
With so many helpers,
How could it go wrong?
All of God's own people
Will rejoice in song.
First the music panel
Labored over notes,
Then from all the world came,
Men to view the votes.
Oh, what glorious music
Rang from Veldkamp's door.
How it must have thrilled those
E'en on heaven's shore.
From our brothers northward,
East and south and west,
Britain, and "down under"
Poured forth just the best.
Then the project moved on,
Artwork to complete.
Endless proofing followed,
For approval meet.
Off to London proper
Our two brothers flew.
Made the deal at Allan's,
With no great adieu.
Now the final format,
Ready for the press,
From this book when printed,
All the Kingdom bless.
After receiving their 1987 editions, some workers asked the friends to destroy their 1951 edition of Hymns Old & New. A profusion of lists were printed to accompany the new hymnal. Lists cross-indexing the old hymn numbers with the new hymn numbers; a list of all the New Hymns; a list titled "Singing Changes for Hymns Old and New-1987;" a "Theme and Subject List" compiled by the Alaska Staff, to mention a few. Some other supplemental printed aids were:
Hymns Old & New Concordance, 1988 (to 1987 Edition)
Order from: Al Habicht, c/o 734 First Avenue North, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7K 1Y1. Printed in Canada.
A Concordance to Hymns Old & New (to 1987 Hymnbook)
Order from: Mr. C. H. Olds, 22A King's Drive, Levin, New Zealand
Authors - Hymns Old and New (1987 Edition)
Order from: Joyce Major, 4240 Folker St. B-102
Anchorage, AK 99508
OR Al Habicht, 734 First Ave. North
Saskatoon, SK Canada S7K 1Y1
There were numerous changes made in the 1987 edition of the hymnal. A Topical Index was added, something many other denominations have included in their hymnals for years. Strangely, there is no topic for "Salvation" or "Worship" or "Marriage." Pause commas were added to the new hymnbook, indicating a place to break the rhythm of the hymn, in order to take a breath.
The 1987 edition does not give the names of the authors of the hymn words or the composers of the music. One must refer to one of the separate lists mentioned above to obtain this information. If the music was composed by an Outsider and is copyrighted, copyright permission information is given at the end of the hymn; however, the composer's name is not given. R. L. Allan wrote that the reason for omitting the credits was that: "Part of the agreement concerning the New Hymn Book  was that the authors were to be kept anonymous to avoid unhealthy pride, etc." (By James Crockatt, General Manager, dated May 25, 1988).
In the 1951 edition, if the author of the words was an Outsider, their name was printed on the left under the title of the hymn; and the name of the hymn in the Index was typed in all capital letters. However, if the author of the words was an Insider, no name was given at the top of the hymn page, and the hymn title was typed in title case in the index. The music composer's name was printed on the right; and in some cases, the name of the music tune is found in the center under the hymn title. Lists were also circulated which gave the names of all the composers and authors on them (except for Edward Cooney's name).
In the 1987 edition, there are two methods that can be used to determine whether or not a hymn in Hymns Old & New was written by an Insider or Outsider:
The Hymn Author Index shows the names of Insider authors typed in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS; while the names of Outsiders authors are typed in title case letters. NOTE: this "index" is NOT the one in the backof the hymnbook. It is a separate booklet printed in Canada titled: HYMNS OLD AND NEW (1987 EDITION) AUTHORS.
Hymns with "Words: (copyright symbol)*" at the end were written by Insiders; while hymns without a reference to "Words:" at the end without a copyright symbol were written by Outsiders.
NOTE: In the index located in the back of Hymns Old & New, listings shown in lower case indicates the first words of the first line of the hymn, whereas
listings shown in upper case indicates the first words of the chorus.
It appears that there are no hymns in the 1987 hymnbook for which it was necessary to get permission to use the words. In other words, all the hymns in the1987 edition written by Outsiders appear to be public domain. Therefore, it would not have been necessary for the workers to get permission to use the words of these hymn, or permission to modify them as they so desired to more correctly reflect their 2x2 doctrine. Even though some hymn lines were changed, they are still listed in the Index to Hymn Authors giving credit to the original author/composer. This means that the Christians who originally wrote these hymns are now receiving credit for words they never wrote, and meanings they never meant. B. R. Wilson commented:
"Nothing has been written about the sect's doctrine for the information of members, and neither Biblical commentaries nor religious books are allowed. Some of the early preachers did not comprehend clearly for some time the real nature of the sect's doctrinal antagonism to the Christian teaching on redemption, yet within the small number of the well known hymns printed in their hymnal, several references to the forgiveness of sins and the substitution were omitted or changed to exclude the original writers' messages." (Secret Sect by Doug & Helen Parker p 102)
Some of the edits made to the hymns over the years fall into the following categories:
Deletions of references to being saved by grace alone, that Jesus was our substitute and paid our ransom:
No. 1 "Tell Me the Story of Jesus" by Fannie Crosby
ORIGINAL WAS: "Glory forever to Jesus, He paid the ransom for me."
NOW 3rd verse: "stay, let me say I will follow Him who has suffered for me."
“The Way to Calvary” by H. Cliff Berrett
WAS No. 165 – “As humbly We prepare.” (and WAS No. 319 in 1935 ed. HO&N)
“As humbly we prepare our hearts to seek Thy face,
Admitting Christ to dwell within, and save us by His grace.”
NOW No. 389 - Verse 1 was omitted, making a new title necessary (“The Way to Calvary”) which omits reference to "save us by His grace."
H. C. Berrett (Cliff), the author of this hymn, was excommunicated by the overseer in Victoria around 1950.
He was a wonderful musician and had a beautiful bass singing voice that was a joy to hear.
Deletions or changes to references to the blood of Jesus:
WAS No. 165 – “As humbly We prepare.” (and WAS No. 319 in 1935 ed. HO&N)
Verse 6 omitted: “Oh Lord receive us now, Christ's blood bought ones are we."
"Just as I am" No. 158 (deleted verses 2, 3 and 7)
Verse No. 2: "Just as I am, and waiting not
To rid my soul of one dark blot,
To Thee whose blood can cleanse each spot,
O Lamb of God, I come, I come.
WAS No. 40 - “By His Blood I now am saved.”
NOW No. 45 - “By His Blood I am redeemed.”
Another line had to be changed to fit the new wording.
Deletion of "Pentecostal Charasmatic" elements:
“Was It For Me?”
WAS No. 35: “O wondrous Love, I'll shout and sing!!” (Too enthusiastic?)
NOW No. 8: “Oh, Wondrous Love, Oh Boundless .”
Corrections of references to Jesus being God:
“When I Survey the Wondrous Cross” by Isaac Watts
“Forbid it Lord, that I should boast,
Was No. 15 - "Save in the CROSS of Christ MY LORD…”
Now No. 6 - “Save in the DEATH of Christ MY GOD.”
Deletions of reference to the Trinity:
Removed No. 239, a beautiful, favorite hymn titled "Cease Not" by worker James Fawcett.
“Our Blest Redeemer”
NOW No. 208 “Our Blest Redeemer”
Original and earlier edition of HO&N has an extra verse (#6), which is omitted in the 1987 edition:
“O Praise the Father, Praise the Son,
Blest Spirit, praise to Thee;
All praise to God, the Three in One,
The one in Three.”
[Redemption Songs contains this hymn as No. 539]
Removed Hymn No. 259 of 1935 edition which started out with:
"Hearken to the earnest pleadings of the Holy Trinity
"Who will go for us" with tidings of sweet rest and liberty?"
NOTE: There is still one hymn in HO&N that alludes that Jesus "God."
"Come Follow Me," No. 82.
Verse 1: "I hear my dying Savior savior say: Follow me! Come follow me!"
Verse 3: "In all thy changeful life I'll be Thy God and Giide o'er land and sea."
Hymn No. 359 from 1935 Hymnbook was not included in the succeeding 1951 edition (author unknown)
Verse 1: "Hearken to the earnest pleadings of the Holy Trinity
"Who will go for us" with tidings of sweet rest and liberty?
Souls are perishing by the millions with no ray of hope to cheer,
"Who will go for us," and tell them of the One to serve and fear.
Corrections made to align hymns more with exclusivist doctrine:
WAS No. 2 – “Jesus Only is our message…”
NOW No. 10 - “Jesus Now and Jesus Ever...”
This hymn was originally written by an Outsider, Albert Simpson, who died in 1919. The hymn is now public domain, allowing changes to text to be legal. Was this hymn possibly changed to “Jesus Now and Jesus Ever,” because there is a group called "Jesus Only?" Interesting that the location of the word “only” is changed in each verse; and the title and chorus were both changed so any reference to “Jesus Only” was deleted. The hymn now says that Jesus is: our only message; our only Saviour; our only power; our only Master. Is there a difference in meaning between (1) Jesus ONLY is our…AND Jesus is our only…? YES! “Jesus ONLY” places the emphasis solely on Jesus, or on Jesus only. The new wording emphasizes the beliefs of the singer--Jesus is OUR only…. The new wording carries out the theme of the worker’s message, which is Jesus PLUS the 2x2 way; rather than Jesus ONLY.
Significant changes were made to words in some of the hymns in the 1987 edition. Below are some examples:
“Cleansing for Me” by H. H. Booth.
WAS No. 172: “Sinful and 'black' tho the past may have been,”
NOW No. 384: “Sinful and 'dark' tho the past may have been.”
“Not unto men I Labor”
WAS printed in hymn Leaflet –
“I know the heart is sinful, none dares to trust his own,
Or should we trust another for wrong may lurk unknown.
He only doth walk wisely, can be assured of right,
Who with his eyes on Jesus is walking in the Light.”
NOW No. 325:
“I know the heart is sinful, none dareth trust his own;
Tis not in man that walketh, to guide his steps alone.”
"No East or West" by Sandy Scott
Hymn No. 335
"In Christ there is no east or west, In Him no south or north;
'Tis one, the Shepherd's sacred flock, Though scattered o'er the earth.
In Christ His people ev'rywhere Their sweet communion find
In unison, their hearts as one, God's tender mercies bind.
As brothers, sisters, of one faith, Whate'er their tongue or race,
United stand, from bondage free, True monuments of grace.
Forth from the corners of the earth, When sounds the clarion call,
The Bride of Christ shall gathered be To Him, their All in all."
Other hymnals: "In Christ There is No East or West" by John Oxenham 1852-1941
"In Christ there is no east or west, In him no south or north;
But one great fellowship of love Throughout the whole wide earth.
In him shall true hearts everywhere Their high communion find;
His service is the golden cord Close binding all mankind.
Join Hands, then, brothers of the faith, Whate'er your race may be.
Who serves my Father as a son is surely kin to me.
In Christ now meet both east and west, In him meet south and north;
All Christly souls are one in him Throughout the whole wide earth."
“I Love My Master” by Mary Lindley
Original WAS: "Let my pierced ear show....."
NOW No. 320: "Let my marked ear show the choice I have made".
(see copies of sheet music distributed)
Wouldn't want anyone to get the idea they approved of pierced ears!
Other significant changes were the hymns that were omitted from the new book—possibly because of these phrases or concepts they embodied. (Click Here for List of all the hymns left out of the 1987 edition)
No. 2: "All our righteousness He gives us"
No. 10: "Jesus Died for Sinners" - Hymn written by Edward Cooney omitted which was sung to the tune of "Onward Christian Soldiers."
No. 34: "He suffered in the sinner's stead" (substitution)
No. 38: "They who believe on His name shall rejoice" (saved by believing only)
No. 99: "His great salvation and life eternal He offers free to all" (salvation is a free gift)
No. 102: "Who died that we might live, Who lives that we might with him reign" (lived to die—not to be example/pattern)
No. 204: "Thou savest those that on thee call" (“save” is present tense)
No. 239: “Cease not to worship the Father and Son, The Holy Spirit, and these Three are One.” Chorus - "I will not cease to worship Him, My savior and my God" (holy trinity and Jesus as God)
No. 279: "Or blood sheltered safe, confide thee In the glory of his grace." (eternal security)
No. 275: “His forever only His who the Lord and me shall part?" (eternal security)
No. 296: "That nothing can untwine Thy life from mine." (eternal security)
Through the years, various individuals have compiled accompaniments for the hymnbook. Some made concordances or indexes to various hymnbook editions, so that a hymn number could be located by by looking up a key word. Some compiled booklets of unpublished hymns written by professing authors, such as John Martin, Sam Jones, Sandy Scott and Kenneth Dissmore. Lists of hymn authors were compiled and distributed. The accompaniments for the 1987 hymnal were listed above. Titles of some others used through the years are listed below:
Review of Hymns Old & New, 1951 Edition
Information about the Hymn Authors By Bert Pattison
A General Index to Hymns Old & New (to 1951 Hymnbook)
Order from: Mr. C. H. Olds, 22A King's Drive, Levin, New Zealand
Collected Hymns (5 Volumes; 1-5)
Order from: P.E. Chamberlain, Box 313, Papakura, South Auckland, New Zealand
Note: TTT received no response from their attempts to order these.
S. Jones Hymns (undated)
Ordered from: Sam Jones Songbook, P.O. Box 3065, Camarillo, California 93010,
117 Pages, spiral bound; No compiler named (very old, probably not available now)
Sam Jones professed in Belfast, Ireland, and went into the work in 1902. He went to Western Australia in 1908. Sam died in 1946 in Rockingham, Australia, 30 miles south of Perth.
Hymns of Kenneth D. Dissmore (notebook)
A white binder containing numerous Dissmore hymns with a table of contents, assembled without a publisher. At Kenneth Dissmore's funeral held 4/13/93, a speaker at his funeral said that "He was a psalmist of our day, bringing true scriptural thoughts into hymns that inspire us." He was born 9/12/16 and died 4/9/93. He is buried in the Glenwood Cemetery in Dallas, Wisconsin.
Hymns By John Martin (undated booklet)
John Martin lived 1876-1956. From 1951 Review of Hymns: "Our old friend and brother John Martin went forth in 1916 from his home in County Sligo and for a few years was in the work in Ireland before going to Scotland. He was writing hymns before he went into the work. Although we only have two of his in this issue - Nos. 149 and 328, yet No. 149 is considered by many to be the best and one of the most useful hymns in the book, because it embraces so much that is dear to the heart of God's children."
Hymns by Sandy Scott
Printed at the County Press, Bala.
60 pages, 184 hymns, and 4 poems. Text only.
Inside: "Copies of this Hymn Book are obtainable only from Mr. H. Schultz,
182 Secrest Place, Penticton, B.C. Canada"
Poems by W. J. Hughes (undated)
Auckland, New Zealand
Printed by Tasman Press Ltd, Otahuhu
For Miss M. R. Keatley, 83 Hall Street, Pukekohe, NZ
36 Poems, Brown Cover
Table Grace Cards
Many religions and cultures have their own traditional blessings and prayers of thanks before or after meals. Many households observe the tradition of pausing before a meal to give thanks for the food and other good things in their lives and on their tables. Normally, in a 2x2 host asks someone to say grace aloud for the group, or the host says it himself. Sometimes the group sings one al Table Grace selected by the host. Children may be asked to say grace, but usually not when guests are present. The group may be standing or seated. They do not hold hands. Click Here to view a Table "Grace" Card of verses the 2x2s sometimes sing before eating their meals.
In 1913-14, the FIRST 2x2 Hymnbook was printed, titled Hymns Old & New.
In 1450, Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in Mainz, Germany, followed by the development of movable type in the year, 1454. Before these inventions, books were scarce, and it took months and sometimes years to draft a new book or Bible by hand.
In 1501, what is thought to be FIRST Protestant collection of hymns in the vernacular was published in Bohemia by the Bohemian Brethren.
In 1524, the First Lutheran hymnbook appeared in Wittenberg.
In 1538, the Genevan hymnbook was published by Calvin at Strasbourg, France (Calvin had been expelled from Geneva).
In 1539, the first Dutch hymnbook appeared at Antwerp, titled "Little Spiritual Songs."
In 1539, the first British hymnbook appeared, which was Coverdale's "Goostly Psalmes."
In 1612, Henry Ainsworth prepared a hymnbook (Psalter) in Holland for the Pilgrims' use which they brought with them to America.
In 1640, the first book printed in North America for the English speaking colonies was the hymnbook titled "The Bay Psalm Book," published by Cambridge.
In 1886, the FIRST year the Faith Mission started, "From the first year of the work the Faith Mission had its own hymnbook" (Spirit of Revival by I. R. Govan, Chapter 15, page 113). Songs of Victory was compiled by Mr. Bell and published by R. L. Allan, Publisher. The Faith Mission later took over rights to this hymnal and published it themselves
NOTE: In 1913-14, the FIRST 2x2 hymnbook was printed, titled Hymns Old & New.
* * * * * * * * *
QUESTION: IF the 2x2 fellowship and ministry has continued from the New Testament days, why wasn't their FIRST hymnbook printed long before 1914?
QUESTION: IF the 2x2 fellowship and ministry has continued from the New Testament days, why aren't they singing NUMEROUS hymns that were written by workers or friends several years--even centuries--prior to 1900??
Yes, there ARE hymns found in Hymns Old & New that were composed before 1900. However, try as hard as you can, but you will not find a hymn written by a worker or friend before 1900. Why? Is there a plausible reason for this? Yes--because there were no friends or workers existing before 1900. A list of the five (5) oldest Insider and Outsider Authors follows.
There are two ways to easily verify that not even ONE hymn in Hymns Old & New was written by someone who went into the work or professed before 1900:
- The Hymn Author Index shows the names of Insider authors typed in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS; while the names of Outsiders are typed in title case letters.
- Hymns with "Words: (copyright symbol)*" at the end were written by Insiders; while hymns without a reference to "Words:" at the end without a copyright symbol were written by Outsider.
Inside the front cover of the Third Edition of "Songs of Victory," the hymnal used by the Faith Mission, is the following statement of explanation:
"The Earlier Editions of 'Songs of Victory,' compiled by the late Mr. A. W. Bell, enjoyed a good measure of popularity, but for a number of years it was out of print. Feeling that there was a distinct place for it, the Faith Mission acquired the copyright of the book, issuing it in a revised and abridged form in 1922. In the years since, the book has established itself as the hymn book of the Faith Mission, and there has been a demand for it in wider circles also...We commit the book anew to Him who had laid upon us the injunction--'Be filled with the Spirit, speaking one to another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your heart to the Lord.' " [Eph. 5:18,19, R.V.]
Before Faith Mission acquired the copyright to "Songs of Victory" (801 Pieces in all) which was compiled by Andrew W. Bell, it was published by R. L. Allan & Son in Glasgow, Scotland and London, England.
The hymn writer Horace Govan (1866-1932) was the BROTHER of the founder of the FAITH MISSION, John G. Govan. He wrote the hymn: "O Wanderers, Come to Jesus," which is Hymn No. 119 in the 1987 Edition of Hymns Old & New. The first line of Hymn No. 30 of the 1909 Go Preacher Hymn was written by Horace Govan: "O sinners, come to Jesus!" In the 1951 and 1987 Editions of Hymns Old and New the word "sinners" is changed to "wanderers," and the hymn title has been changed to: "O Wanderers, Come to Jesus."
The Hymn Authors Booklet for 1987 Edition of Hymns Old & New (Click here to View this Booklet) states about Horace Govan: "Author was a citizen of the U.S.A." However, a letter dated April 26, 1994, from Keith H. Percival, General Director of Faith Mission confirmed this information is incorrect.
"Horace Govan, John George's younger brother, visited the USA briefly, but was never a citizen...Horace Govan wrote Hymn No. 119 used in Hymns Old & New, but the word 'sinners' (which is correct) has been changed to 'wanderers! ' "
Also, the last stanza of Govan's hymn was originally written:
"If but in true repentance,
Before His cross you bow
He'll give you free forgiveness
And full salvation--NOW."
This was changed in Hymns Old & New Editions 1951 (No. 70) and 1987 (No. 119) so that it reads:
"If but in true repentance,
Before His cross you bow
He'll give you free forgiveness
And His salvation now."
Miscellaneous writings and letters giving the circumstances surrounding the author being inspired to write various hymns; author's testimonies, personal details etc. have been preserved through the years. Some are:
Clem Geue's Testimony, October 18, 1978, Lynwood, California
(Includes details about hymn author, Sam Jones.)
A Review of Hymns Old
and New for 1951 Edition contains biographical sketches of professing hymn
authors, written by Bert Pattison. NOTE: The "Review of
Hymns" for the 1951 Hymns Old and New states that "Hugh
Roberts was from Enniskillen," and that Adam Hutchison was
formerly a "colporteur with The Faith Mission." It also
says on page 4 that, "Robert Skerritt was in the work in the
early days?" When exactly were "the early days"
of a fellowship that is allegedly "from the beginning?" According
to the 1905 Workers List, Robert Skerritt started in the work in 1902. Can
it not be logically concluded, therefore, that the "early days"
of the 2x2 fellowship were around the turn of the century? Robert (Bob)
Skerritt, author of "Come, Let us Follow Jesus," was
one of the workers who left the main 2x2 group and followed William Irvine after
he was disfellowshipped in 1914.
Letter dated 7/21/22 from Madras, India by Adam Hutchison, Author of:
Hymn No. 330Upon a Lonely Mount; Hymn No. 237 Jesus Trod the Pathway; Hymn No. 199 How Real To Know the Mighty Power of Jesus
Note at the bottom of his letter: "This Brother heard the Truth as it is in Jesus when in Great Britain. Went to India to preach...He went to Burma to preach...but died soon afterward. Later it was learned he had taken scarlet fever. It didn't break out at first, but went into the bloodstream and he died. Among the things that were sent back was found another hymn, #199 'How Real to Know the Mighty Power of Jesus.'"
Author Sam Jones was born 1887 in Portadown, N.Ire - Died Apr 14 1946, age 68, buried in Australia. Went in the work in 1902. On Dec. 27, 1907, Sam sailed from London to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. On April 8, 1908, Sam and Bob Bashford, together with Tom Turner and Syd Maynard, sailed for Western Australia, PIONEERING the work there. Sam wrote hymns Nos. 16,18,19,21,30,34,39,41,46,47,49,52,53,55,57,60,65,67,71,74,75,79,84,85,87,89,93,97,99, 106,126,129,130,133,135,136,137,138,139,141,147,147,150,151,157,159,166,168,170,171,
(Sam Jones wrote MORE hymns than any other professing 2x2)
Author James Fawcett: lived 1886-8/10/1958, died at age 72; born in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. He went in the work in 1904 and labored in Eastern USA. He was a cousin of George Walker. Spent his last days in Tallassee, Alabama. During his last year, he was trying to hold a few tent meetings without the help of a companion. It was during that time that he passed away in 1958. Apparently he had done a lot of physical work on that particular day, and was sitting visiting with one of the friends on her veranda. He mentioned the manner in which his mother had passed away suddenly, and expressed the opinion that something like that would likely happen to him sometime... and at that moment, having spoken those words, he died.
Wrote Hymn Nos. 173, 215, 221, 239 and 326 (in 1951 Edition).
Hymn No. 239 Cease Not To Praise God was written by James Fawcett. Read letter written in August, 1995, by Word Records & Music, copyright owners of C. Harold Lowden, regarding music used without permission in Hymns Old & New, 1951 edition (Click Here to Read Letter in TTT Photo Gallery):
Author Mary McGregor wrote 6 hymns. She wrote more hymns than any other professing female. (Nos. 101, 286, 352, 355, 359, 361 in 1987 Ed.). The Review of Hymns to the 1951 Edition states: "Mary McGregor came from Bonnie, Scotland. She wrote a number of helpful hymns - Nos. 153, 210, 258, 285, 310 and 329. No. 153 was written after hearing Jack Carroll speak of the different offerings. No. 210 was written to help a young couple who had newly professed. She wrote No. 258 when she heard she was to go to the States. Originally, the hymn began, "I've opened my mouth to Jesus." The thought of the years passing prompted No. 310; and 329 was written at the suggestion of a sister worker who asked for a hymn on "Going On."
Author Glenn Smith: Born in 1880, Glenn labored in the Eastern USA before going to South America to preach, where "it was very difficult because Spanish families just don't invite strangers into their homes, especially men and if some dared to do so, they would be expected to leave by or before time for the husband to leave for work." Glenn married a nurse named Helen, after she professed in their meetings, and as a married couple, they were accepted in the homes more readily than single men or women. His overseers were not pleased with the marriage and a report was put out that Glenn had left the group, so naturally, the friends withdrew their financial support. Glenn and Helen were citizens of South America and eventually became part of the Assemblies of God church. Glenn became ill and died in S.A. (3-19-90 Dorothy Doner Letter Letter to Mary Ann Schoeff). He wrote nine Hymns to his own music; Nos. 104, 212, 214, 227, 228, 229, 230 and 251 (in 1951 Edition).
Author Alexander (Sandy) Scott (1886-1968) was a Scotsman who preached with his wife Eva. Per the Hymn author list, "Sandy went into the work in 1909 and labored in Scotland, U.S.A., Italy, Spain and Canada." There is an old printed text only hymnbook of 184 of his hymns and 4 poems. He wrote Nos. 43, 52, 56, 57, 81, 110, 159, 164, 172, 291, 297, 302, 335, 343, 344, 398, 406, 410 (in the 1987 edition of Hymns Old & New).
Author John Martin: There is an old printed Leaflet of his hymns. The tunes in the Leaflet are tied to an edition of Hymns Old and New earlier than 1951. (Probably the 1935 hymnbook, since it is the only hymnbook that contains numbers as high as those used in John Martin's hymns.)
1951 Edition Hymns by John Martin:
149 O Blessed Lord, We Plead Again... (No. 4 Hymns of John Martin)
328 O Blessed Lord, the night, the night is falling (tune: Londonderry Air)
(No. 54 Hymns of John Martin)
1987 Editions Hymns by John Martin:
037 Nothing Matters...But Salvation was the last hymn John Martin wrote.
(No. 149 Hymns of John Martin)
180 O Blessed Lord
251 O Don't Be Led Captive
The late Howard Mooney, Overseer of Oregon for many years, used to tell a story about a hymn that was printed in one of the Leaflets, and was also No. 344 in the 1935 hymnbook. "In the Hymnbook issued before the one we have now there was a song that was supposed to have been composed by an Irish singer, who came to this Country, thinking that she was finding Utopia and found herself in amongst brute beasts. When that young woman was breathing her last breath on a premature death bed, with her character wrecked and her life ruined, she composed these words:
"I stand on the shores of an unknown land,
On the brink of Eternity,
At last! At last! I can understand the worth of reality;
Earth promis'd me much! but my end is this; I die unheeded, unknown,
I drank with the many the cup of bliss But the dregs I drink alone.
Too late! Too late! No strong loving hand Can I see outstretch'd for me,
Alone on an unknown shore I stand, On the brink of Eternity.
The love that so many professed for me is gone when I need it most,
The joys of earth that were lavished free Full many a tear have cost;
And now as I touch eternity's brow, Life reads with a meaning new,
The real separates from the unreal now, The false joys from the true."
Out of the 412 hymns contained in the 1987 Edition of Hymns Old and New, there are only FOUR (4) hymns WITHOUT an author's name listed by them in the list titled "Hymns Old and New Authors" (1987 Edition). (Click here to view this list) ALL four (4) of these hymns were written by the co-founder Edward Cooney, who was excommunicated in 1928.
QUESTION: Is this omission significant?
According to Patricia Robert's book Selected Letters, Hymns and Poems of Edward Cooney 1867-1960, the following hymns were written by Edward Cooney:
Hymns Old & New
As We Gather
|Lord We Are Met Together|
|Our God, Our Father|
|Here We Come|
|Jesus Died for Sinners|
No. 10 was left out of the 1987 edition. In addition, Ed Cooney wrote two other hymns, "Except ye eat my flesh" and "Christ with Joy My Heart is Thrilling." Edward Cooney's name has been left out of most of the editions of Hymns Old & New. The initials "E. C." appeared in some of the old hymnbooks, but not his full name. A supporter of Ed Cooney, the late Fred Wood wrote: "We were visiting Davy Hanson recently and came across an account of all the writers and composers of music for the hymnbook, Hymns Old and New. Many names were mentioned, but not a word about Edward, some of whose hymns are still sung." [Selected Letters of Fred Wood 1890-1986, Page 16, edited by Patricia Roberts]
Dr. Patricia Roberts told the author that Ken Paginton contacted her for permission to reprint Edward Cooney's hymns in the latest version of Hymns Old and New. The present day followers of Cooney sing from the 1951 edition at their meetings. Dr. Roberts points out a misprint in the 1951 Edition, Verse 4 of Edward Cooney's hymn, "Jesus died for sinners." It should read, "Christ for YOU atonement" and not "Christ for YOUR atonement."
R. L. Allan & Son, Publisher of Hymns Old and New, forwarded a request for information about the author of these four hymns to brother worker, Ken Paginton, who was at the time laboring in Madagascar (deceased 1/12/97). Ken Paginton replied by letter that he dealt with any copyright matters concerning Hymns Old & New, and asked for what purpose this information was sought. (Click here to read his letters)
On the other hand, Patricia Roberts contacted R. L. Allan for copyright permission to print Edward Cooney's hymns in her book. R. L. Allan passed her request on to Ken Paginton, who wrote back saying, "As you know, they were written by Edward Cooney and therefore, we can't morally stop you." Dr. Roberts thanked him and sent him a copy of her book. When he later visited her, she asked what he thought of her book. "It was written from Cooney's perspective," was the reply. While their visit passed pleasantly, he admitted to a gulf existing between them.
Ken Paginton wrote the author: "With regard to the four hymns - 179, 182, 183, and 184, these were written by E. Cooney in the early part of this century. I know that they are included in Dr. Robert's book, as she wrote to me with regard to permission before publishing." Concerning the omission of Cooney's name in the Hymn Author booklet, Ken Paginton stated in a letter dated February 24, 1992: "...for various private reasons, the name is not given for those four hymns, and this should be respected."
However, the booklet titled "Hymns Old and New Authors" (1987 Edition) which gives personal details about the hymn authors, also maintains:
"In the preparation of this hymn study, accuracy was attempted using all information presently available to us...Any who would like more copies, please contact: Miss Joyce Major at 4240 Folker St. B-102, Anchorage, Alaska 99508."
Click Here to
view Hymn Author List omitting Cooney's name and the above statement.
According to "Review of Hymns" for the 1951 Edition of Hymns Old & New, the six hymn authors who entered the work the earliest are:
Hymn Authors to go in the Work the Earliest (Workers)
1951 Hymn Nos.
|1900||Thomas M. Turner||202, 236, 265|
|1902||Sam Jones||too numerous to list|
|1903||William Carroll||140, 142|
|1905||James Jardine||too numerous to list|
The birthday and birth location of each hymn author is listed in the booklet titled "Hymns Old and New - Authors." Of the OLDEST 2x2 HYMN AUTHORS listed, it is interesting that five (5) of these six (6) hymn authors were from Ireland or Scotland. They are:
Oldest Hymn Authors - 2x2s
1951 Hymn Nos.
|1873||Adam Hutchison||Scotland||199, 237, 330|
|1876||John Martin||Ireland||149, 328|
In Hymns Old & New, the five (5) OLDEST hymn authors who were Outsiders are:
Oldest Hymn Authors - Outsiders
|1091-1153||St. Bernard of Clairvaux||29/13||Jesus the Very Thought of Thee|
|1607-1676||Paul Gerhardt||209/||A Homeless Stranger|
|"||180/351||God in Heaven Hath a Treasure|
|1674-1748||Isaac Watts||15/6||When I Survey|
|1697-1769||Gerhard Tersteegen||211/247||How Sweet It Is|
|"||260/304||Come Brothers On|
|"||261/305||Lo, We Can Tread|
|"||8/95||God Calling Yet|
|"||206/263||Thou Sweet Beloved Will|
|1789-1871||Charlotte Elliott||100/158||Just As I Am|
How many meetings were started with:
319 In the name of Jesus gathering
144 Master Speak, Thy Servant Heareth
187 Search me O God
145 Speak Lord in Thy Stillness
124 Low at Thy Throne of Grace, We humbly bow
253 Bread Thou the Bread of Life
256 How precious is the Word of God
How often we chose and sang these favorite hymns in meetings:
48 Have Thine Own Way Lord
88 I need Thee Every Hour
169 Counted In
178 Precious Thought my Father knoweth
180 God in Heaven Hath a Treasure
209 A Homeless Stranger
282 There is No Gain But by a Loss
289 Alone with God, The world forbidden
293 If all things were mine but not the Savior
166 I Love the Perfect Way of God
Before the emblems were passed in Sunday Morning Meetings, how often we sang:
15 When I survey the Wondrous Cross
172 Cleansing for me
8 Wash Me O Lamb of God
How often Sunday morning meetings were closed with:
240 Thou Thinkest Lord of Me
298 Give of our Best to the Master
314 Abide in Him
261 Lo We Can Tread Rejoicing
How often we sang in gospel meetings:
1 Tell Me the Story of Jesus
35 Was it For Me?
113 I have made my choice forever
How many gospel meetings were tested with:
How many of us professed to:
101 Just as I am,
107 Come to Jesus
108 So Near to the Kingdom
109 Still Undecided
112 Out of Christ Without a Savior
83 Nearer Still Nearer
How many were baptized to this hymn?
54 From Every Stain Made Free
What was the sweet refrain sung at many funerals of our friends?
308 Only Remembered
Q: What do ALL these hymns have in common???
* * * * * * *
A: They were ALL written by Outsiders!!
The stories behind the hymns written by Outsiders are no less moving and intense than those written by Insiders. Out of tragic circumstances, some of our best-loved hymns were born. The details surrounding the private struggles and personal triumphs experienced by men and women who wrote hymns add significance to their already meaningful words. For those interested in learning how hymns came to be written, there are several books containing hymn stories. Some are listed below.
THE OLDEST HYMN AUTHOR: King David (B.C.). There are 5-6 hymns attributed to King David on the Hymn Author List. Where are any hymns written in the years between those by David (B.C.) and the Catholic monk below (A.D.)?
THE OLDEST HYMN AUTHOR: St. Bernard of Clairvaux: 1090-1153
"Jesus The Very Thought of Thee"
Hymn No. 29/13 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
"Jesus, Thou Joy of Loving Hearts"
Hymn No. 204 (1951 Edition/not in 1987)
This author was a Catholic monk, who lived in the eleventh century and was later canonized by the Pope with the title of "SAINT." In spite of the 2x2s very negative views of the Catholics and Catholicism, these hymns written by a Catholic Saint were hand-picked by the workers to be included in the 2x2 hymnbooks. For years the 2x2s have been singing these lovely hymns of praise written by a HIGHLY revered Catholic monk/saint, who even has a Catholic feast day in his honor--August 20--the day of his death. Of course, the 2x2 hymn author lists do not use the title "Saint" before his name.
From a pamphlet picked up in the Saint Bernard of Clairvaux Church in Tulsa, Oklahoma:
"Who was Saint Bernard of Clairvaux?" “He was born in 1090 near Dijon, France and entered the order of Cistercian monks at the age of 21. Endowed with a warm personality and sharp intellect, he was named as head of a new monastic foundation. Because of his success, his monastery became known as the Valley of Light…or Clairvaux. His strict Cistercian discipline gave rise to the Trappist community. Because of serious division in the Church, Bernard traveled across Europe trying to restore peace and unity. A mystic and theologian, he composed numerous treatises which influenced the Church’s thinking for centuries. He is now best remembered for his poetic works, including the prayer known s the ‘Memorare’ and the hymn ‘Jesu Dulcis Memoria.’ He died on August 20, 1153, and was canonized by Pope Alexander III in 1174. In 1830, he was designated a Doctor of the Church. He lived before the rise of the scholastic theologians, such as Thomas Aquinas, and because his teaching is still in the tradition of men like Ambrose and Augustine, he is often called the last of the Fathers of the Church. His feast is observed on August 20.”
Incidentally, in September, 1999, a search using Alta Vista for "Bernard of Clairv*" turned up 1,949 entries!! Not a few churches are named after him.
Sermons on Loving God by St. Bernard of Clairvaux: http://www.leaderu.com/cyber/books/onloving/onloving.html
SECOND OLDEST HYMN AUTHOR: Paul Gerhardt: 1607 - 1676
"A Homeless Stranger"
Hymn No. 209/not in 1987
"God in Heaven Hath a Treasure"
Hymn No 180/351
This author wrote a total of 123 hymns, many of which are still well known and beloved throughout the world. Paul Gerhardt is called the "sweet singer of Lutheranism." Together with Johann Crüger, the cantor and organist at St. Nicholas Church in Berlin, he produced some of the greatest Lutheran chorales. He was born on March 12, 1607, in Gräfenhaim, near Wittenberg, Germany. He trained to be a Lutheran pastor at Wittenberg, where Martin Luther had taught a century before. In 1651, he was ordained to serve the Lutheran congregation in Wittenwalde, southeast of Berlin. He married Anna Maria Barthold.
Paul Gerhardt As a Hymn Writer and His Influence on English Hymnody
By Theodore Brown Hewitt
ISBN: 0570013135 (out of print)
THIRD OLDEST HYMN AUTHOR: Isaac Watts: 1674-1748
"When I Survey" Hymn No. 15/6 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
"In All My Vast Concerns"
Hymn No. 194/378 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
"O Bless the Lord, my Soul"
Hymn No. 163/238 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
Called the Father of English Hymnody, in his lifetime, Watts wrote over 600 hymns. Besides his hymns, Watts published 52 other works, including a book on logic used by universities, books on grammar, pedagogy, ethics, psychology, astronomy, geography, 3 volumes of sermons and 29 treatises on theology. Isaac Watts was born July 27, 1674, at Southampton, England, the eldest of nine children. He was a very intelligent child who learned to read early. He began learning Latin at age four and went on to learn Greek, Hebrew, and French as well. From an early age Isaac had a gift with rhyming words, and often his conversation even rhymed.
After completing his formal schooling at an academy sponsored by Independent Christians, Watts spent five years as a tutor. In 1707 he published his first edition of Hymns and Spiritual Songs. For a few years Watts served as an assistant and then pastor to an Independent congregation in London. A violent and continual fever from which he never recovered forced him to leave the pastorate. Sir Thomas Abney took him in, and his family provided Watts a home for the next 36 years!
Watts died on November 25, 1748, Stoke Newington, England, and was buried in Bunhill Fields Cemetery, London, England. After his death in 1748, a monument to Watts was erected in Westminster Abbey. Watts' tenderness to children can be seen reflected in his lovely Divine Songs for Children, published in 1715. In his poetic paraphrases of the Psalms, Watts adapted the Psalms for use by the Church. Benjamin Franklin first published Watts' psalm paraphrases in America in 1729.
Watts' hymns gloried in the power, wisdom, and goodness of his majestic God. During the American revivals of 1735-1739, known as The Great Awakening, George Whitefield used Watts' hymns and songs in his meetings. They were well-loved by Americans of the Revolutionary period.
The Psalms and Hymns of Isaac Watts: With All the Additional Hymns and Complete Indexes by Isaac Watts. Hardcover (June 1998) Soli Deo Gloria Pubns; ISBN: 1573580694
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http://hymnsite.com/psalter contains all of the Psalms with all the settings prepared by Isaac Watts.
See Also: http://www.oremus.org/liturgy/e-h/index.cgi?m11/d25b.html
FOURTH OLDEST HYMN AUTHOR: Gerhard Tersteegen: 1697-1769
Author of: "Come Brothers On"
Hymn No. 260/304 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
"How Sweet It Is"
Hymn No. 211/247 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
The two most famous 18th Century German hymn writers were Gerhard Tersteegen and Joachim Neander. Gerhard Tersteegen was born on November 25, 1697, in Moers, Niederrhein, Germany, and died on April 3, 1769 in Mülheim/Ruhr, Germany. His real name was Dutch: Gerrit ter Steegen, although his name is usually shown as the Germanized “Tersteegen.”
His father abandoned his mother, and Gerhard grew up in poverty. He wanted to study theology, but could not afford an education. He studied at home reading theological books, and became an outstanding lay theologian, lay pastor, and mystic of the Protestant Pietism movement. From 1728 on, he was an itinerant preacher in the Protestant Erweckungsbewegung (“Spiritual Awakening Movement”) in the Niederrhein region, and hosted home worship and prayer meetings.
FIFTH OLDEST HYMN AUTHOR: Charlotte Elliott: 1789-1871
"Just As I Am"
Hymn No. 100/158 (1951 & 1987 Editions respectively)
Undoubtedly, this hymn is the one most often selected when the 2x2 gospel meetings are tested for new converts. It was the hymn being sung when many 2x2s came to their feet or raised their hand to profess. This special hymn was not written by one of their own, however. It was written by Charlotte Elliott, long before the 2x2s ever existed as a group, and long before William Irvine, their founder, was even born.
The story goes that Charlotte Elliott seemed to have everything going for her as a young woman. She was gifted as a portrait artist and also as a writer of humorous verse. Then in her early thirties, she suffered a serious illness that left her weak and depressed. During her illness a noted minister, Dr. Caesar Malan of Switzerland, came to see her. Noticing her depression, he asked her if she had peace with God. She resented the question, and refused to talk about it.
A few days later she apologized to Dr. Malan, and said that she wanted to clean up some things in her life before becoming a Christian. Dr. Malan looked at her and answered, "Come just as you are." That was enough for Charlotte Elliott, and she yielded herself to the Lord that day. Fourteen years later, remembering those words spoken to her by Caesar Malan in Brighton, England, she wrote the simple hymn, "Just as I am" that has touched the hearts of millions who have also responded to Christ's invitation to come just as they are.
The following quote gives the background of the author, and is from: Stories Behind Popular Songs and Hymns, pages 171-173, by Lindsay L. Terry, Baker Book House. Available from Baker Book House Co.1-800-877-2665.
"Probably the most widely used song of consecration today is "Just As I am." It has been called the world's greatest soul-winning hymn. Countless people have been influenced by this song to give their hearts and lives to God. A complete volume could be written telling of the wonderful happenings in connection with the singing of this one song.
"Its author, Charlotte Elliott, suffered most of her life from the ills of an invalid body. Many times her weakened condition caused her great lamentation. Such was the case in 1836, when her brother, H. V. Elliott, was raising funds for St. Mary's Hall at Brighton, England, a college for the daughters of poor clergymen. She wanted to have some little part but was hindered by reason of her infirmity. As she pondered how she could help the cause, Charlotte decided to write a poem relevant to others who were physically limited. She remembered the words of a great preacher, Cesar Malan, who had talked to her fourteen years before. He had told her to come to Jesus, "just as you are," words that helped her to find Christ.
"The resulting poem was published without Charlotte's name and was handed to her one day in leaflet form by her doctor, who did not realize that she was its author. Tears streamed down her face as she read the six verses and was told that copies of this poem were being sold and the money given to St. Mary's Hall. Miss Elliott then realized that she had at last made a significant contribution to the building of the school through the medium of her words of faith and humility:
"Just as I am, without one plea,
But that Thy blood was shed for me,
And that thou bidd'st me to come to Thee,
O Lamb of God I come! I come!
Just as I am, Thou wilt receive,
Wilt welcome, pardon, cleanse, relieve,
Because Thy promise I believe,
O Lamb of God, I come! I come!"
"Only eternity will reveal the blessings heaped on other lives by this song. Charlotte Elliott probably would have shouted for joy, if she could have heard the following story...
"During a song service in a church, John B. Gough was asked by the man next to him in the pew what was to be sung. Physically, the questioner seemed a most pathetic sight--victim of a nervous disease that had left him blind and twisted in body. The poor man joined the congregation in the singing of the song, "Just As I am." As they came to the words, "Just as I am, poor, wretched, blind," the wretched creature lifted his sightless eyes to heaven and sang with his whole being. Gough later said, "I have heard the finest strains of an orchestra, a choir and a soloist this world can produce, but I had never heard music, until I heard that blind man sing 'O Lamb of God, I come, I come!'
"Reflection: "Because Thy promise I believe..." Oh, that we could take God at his word! How thoroughly cleansed is the man who lets Christ wash him with His blood. Because God is our loving, heavenly Father, He makes it as easy as possible for us to be saved. It cost Him all He had, but our part is simple--we need only reach out and He will accept us unconditionally."
NOTEABLE AUTHOR, "The Hymn Queen" Fanny Crosby: 1820 - 1905
This Author wrote 9 hymns in the 1987 edition of Hymns Old & New:
001 Tell Me The Story of Jesus by Fanny Crosby
086 Jesus is Passing This Way by Annie L. James (pseudonym of Fanny Crosby)
146 Give Me Jesus by Fanny J. Crosby
141 Close Thy Heart No More by Fanny J. Crosby
160 So Near to the Kingdom by Fanny J. Crosby
085 The Savior with Me by Lizzie Edwards (pseudonym of Fanny Crosby)
303 Close to Thee by Fanny J. Crosby
228 Moments of Blessing by Fanny J. Crosby
400 When Jesus Comes by Fanny Crosby
The American hymnwriter, Frances Jane Crosby, called Fanny, was born on March 24, 1820, in Putnam County, New York. She was blinded by an illness when she was 6 weeks old. She wrote over 8,000 hymns in her lifetime, under various names, earning her the title of "Hymn Queen." She had the gift of being able to write poems on the spur of the moment; a chance remark often providing the inspiration. Fanny Crosby passed away at the age of 95. A simple little headstone on her grave in Bridgeport, Connecticut, states the name "Aunt Fanny," and these words:
"Blessed assurance, Jesus is mine.
Oh, what a foretaste of glory divine."
This is Fannie Crosby's most famous hymn. (Click Here to read the words and hear the music) However the 2x2s reject the concept that in this life man can have assurance of salvation, so it is understandable that they never included this hymn in Hymns Old & New. Since the author Fannie Crosby obviously believed very differently from the 2x2s, why do they reprint in their hymnbook and sing the above hymns she wrote??
See Also: http://www.nyise.org/fanny/
Fanny Crosby used over 200 pseudonyms. For example, she wrote:
Hymn No. 154 The Saviour With Me under the name of Lizzie Edwards
Hymn No. 026 Jesus Is Passing This Way under the name of Annie L. James
BOOKS ABOUT FANNY CROSBY:
Safe in the Arms of Jesus: Biography of Fanny Crosby
by Chester Hearn, Ann Hearn
Published by Christian Literature Crusade (January 1999); ISBN: 0875086659
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This Is My Story, This Is My Song by Fanny Crosby
Published by Emerald House Group Inc.; (September 1997) ISBN: 1898787417
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Fanny Crosby: Writer of 8,000 Songs
By Sandy Dengler
Published by Moody Press
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Fanny Crosby: The Hymn Writer (Heroes of the Faith)
By Bernard Ruffin
Published by Barbour & Co.
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Fanny Crosby : Stories of Great Christians (Heroes of the Faith)
By Bernard Ruffin on Audio Cassette
Audio Cassette Published by Barbour & Co
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Great Women in American History: 24 Women of Faith and Principle
By Rebecca Price Janney
Published by Christian Publications (contains an 11 page chapter on Fanny Crosby)
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NOTEABLE AUTHOR: Called “The Prince of Scottish Hymn Writers,” Horatius Bonar, wrote more than 600 hymns.
Born: December 19, 1808, Old Broughton, Edinburgh, Scotland - Died: July 31, 1889, Edinburgh, Scotland.
After graduating from the University of Edinburgh, he was ordained in 1838, and became pastor of the North Parish, Kelso. After the “Disruption” of 1843, he joined the Free Church of Scotland. Bonar remained in Kelso for 28 years. He moved to Edinburgh to the Chalmers Memorial church where he served the rest of his life. Bonar’s works include "Hymns of Faith and Hope," 1857.
In the 1987 edition of Hymns Old & New, he wrote:
112 I HEARD THE VOICE OF JESUS
187 BEGIN THE DAY WITH GOD
298 THROUGH GOOD REPORT
330 GO, LABOUR ON
397 ONLY REMEMBERED
In the 1951 edition of Hymns Old & New, he wrote:
(not in 1987 ed.)
031 I was a Wandering Sheep
102 A Few More Years shall Roll
313 When the Weary, Seeking Rest
Hymns on line
Hear the Hymn Before You Choose it!
The Cyber Hymnal™. Thousands of Christian hymns & Gospel songs from many denominations: Lyrics, audio, sheet music, pictures, history & more. Searchable, advanced Autoplay feature, free downloads. New entries almost every day. User friendly. Biggest site of its kind on the Internet.
HymnSite.com - Search for Hymns
This site provides an index of Hymns Old & New, published in 1987 by R. L. Allan & Son. Previous compilations were published in 1919, 1928, 1935 and 1951.
The following books contain information about the authors and composers, as well as stories of how many of the popular hymns came to be written:
101 Hymn Stories
By Kenneth W. Osbeck,1982 Kregel Publications
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101 More Hymn Stories
By Kenneth W. Osbeck, 1982, Kregel Publications.
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52 Hymn Stories Dramatized
By Kenneth W. Osbeck, 1992
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Amazing Grace: 366 Inspiring Hymn Stories for Daily Devotions
By Kenneth W. Osbeck, 1990; ISBN: 0825434254
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25 Most Treasured Gospel Hymn Stories
By Kenneth W. Osbeck
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Amazing Grace : Illustrated Stories of Favorite Hymns
By Kenneth W. Osbeck, 1999
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Singing With Understanding, Including 101 Favorite Hymn Backgrounds
By Kenneth W. Osbeck
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Stories Behind Popular Songs and Hymns
By Lindsay L. Terry, Baker Book House
Available from Baker Book House Co.1-800-877-2665
Devotionals From Famous Hymn Stories
By Lindsay L. Terry, Baker Book House
Available from Baker Book House Co.1-800-877-2665
Great Christian Hymn Writers
By Jane Stuart Smith & Betty Carlson; Crossway Books, 1997
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A Treasury of Hymn Stories
By Amos R. Wells 1945/1992 Baker Book House Co.
A collection of 120 hymn narratives containing concise, brief biographies of mainly gospel hymn writers. ISBN: 0801097185
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Also available from Baker Book House Co.1-800-877-2665 or
The Gospel in Hymns
By Albert Edward Bailey, 1950, Charles Scribner's Sons.
Gives theology of hymns and hymn movements, creating context for the hymns and writers lacking in anecdotal books about hymn authors.
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Heritage of Hymns: An Exploration of Music and Religion, Music and Our Hymns, and the Stories of Hymns and Hymn Writers of the Restoration Movement
By Richard Clothier,1996
Order from Barnes & Noble
Ambassador Book of Great Hymn Stories
By Janet McCelland, James C. McClelland
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The Hymn: A Journal of Congregational Song is published by the Hymn Society in the United States and Canada. This excellent monthly journal contains the latest research on hymn-related topics, book and hymn reviews. This Journal also has a book service which carries an excellent selection of hymnbooks, books on hymns, and historic reprints.
Order from: The Hymn Society, 2800 S. University Dr, Fort Worth, Texas 76129 U.S.A.
Survey of Christian Hymnody
By William J. Reynolds, Milburn Price 1987, Milburn Books
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Catherine Winkworth: The Influence of Her Translations on English Hymnody
By Robin A. Leaver, 1978
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A History of Evangelistic Hymnody
By James Sallee, 1977
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A Joyful Sound: Christian Hymnody
By William Jensen Reynolds, 1978
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Three Centuries of American Hymnody
By Henry W. Foote, 1968
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Dictionary of Hymnology: Origin and History of Christian Hymns and Hymn writers of All Ages and Nations
By John Julian (Editor), 1985
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Sing With Understanding: An Introduction to Christian Hymnology
By Harry Eskew, 1980
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Books Can be Ordered From:
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